Led bears the brunt of the most popular relocation

2022-09-29
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Shenzhen's advanced manufacturing industry has moved out to become a trend led bear the brunt

Abstract: affected by the rise of factor costs such as land and plant rent, employee wages, raw material costs, as well as the mainland's strong preferential policies for investment promotion and other factors, a considerable number of enterprises in Shenzhen have taken the lead in carrying out planned industrial transfer around Shenzhen, the mainland, India, Southeast Asia and other places

with a diameter of 800mm and a height of 3500mm, the Shenzhen CPPCC carried out a four month key survey with the theme of "deepening supply side structural reform and strengthening Shenzhen's real economy". Among them, the advanced manufacturing research group collected and sorted out some of the main problems faced by Shenzhen's advanced manufacturing industry through special meetings, visits to industrial parks and enterprise interviews, as well as questionnaires

on July 26, the advanced manufacturing research group released the above report at the special consultation meeting on "strengthening the real economy" at the 12th standing committee meeting of the sixth CPPCC Shenzhen Municipal Committee. The report said that the relocation of Shenzhen's manufacturing industry has become a trend

the relocation of Shenzhen's manufacturing industry has become a trend

affected by the rise of factor costs such as land and plant rent, employee wages, raw material costs, as well as the mainland's strong preferential policies for investment promotion and other factors, a considerable number of enterprises in Shenzhen have taken the lead in carrying out planned industrial transfer around Shenzhen, the mainland, India, Southeast Asia and other places. In May 2016, "don't let Huawei run away" aroused widespread concern about the industrial transfer of Shenzhen enterprises. Xu Qin, the former mayor of Shenzhen, said in a speech in 2016: "recently, more than 15000 enterprises have moved out of Shenzhen."

the advanced manufacturing research group also noticed a new phenomenon: in previous years, due to the transfer and elimination of low-end backward production capacity led by the Shenzhen municipal government, most of the relocated enterprises are low-end backward manufacturing enterprises; Nowadays, most of the manufacturing industries relocated from Shenzhen are advanced manufacturing industries, especially some large and medium-sized enterprises

ZTE moved its production base to Heyuan in 2014; In 2015, BYD invested in the construction of a new energy vehicle industry base in Shanwei; In 2016, Huawei terminals were transferred to Songshan Lake in Dongguan; Dajiang technology bought land in Dongguan as early as 2013; Foxconn moved its production lines to Zhengzhou and Guizhou early; Oufeiguang, zhaochi Co., Ltd., Xingfei technology, Haipai communication and other enterprises have moved their production lines to Nanchang, Jiangxi Province. The ideal situation for building in Nanchang is that the measured value is scattered very intensively, and a large-scale industrial park has been established...

the impact is obvious. According to the report, the relocation is not only a large enterprise, but also a relocation of the industrial chain, and many upstream and downstream supporting enterprises have also moved away, which is extremely detrimental to the development of Shenzhen's advanced manufacturing industry. Even due to the large number of enterprises relocated, some industrial parks in Nanshan District have become cultural and creative parks

at the same time, the surrounding cities of Shenzhen are accelerating the absorption of Shenzhen enterprises to settle down. The mode of "Shenzhen headquarters, R & D" + "production and manufacturing in Dongguan and Huizhou" has become the norm for many companies

after the Shenzhen China channel was approved by the national development and Reform Commission, according to the statistics of Zhongshan development and Reform Bureau, more than 230 Shenzhen enterprises have been admitted to Zhongshan in the past three years; According to the statistics of Jiangmen Municipal Department of industry and commerce, 198 Shenzhen enterprises have invested in Jiangmen, establishing 166 enterprise legal persons with a registered capital of 30.02 billion yuan. At the same time, 225 branches of Shenzhen enterprises have been established in Jiangmen

according to the report, Lin Mingfeng, chairman of Zhouming technology, said that nearly one-third of his LED industry has moved out of Shenzhen. Zhang Yaohua, chairman of Yihe precision, said that its corporate headquarters would not move away from Shenzhen, but it had also transferred its production capacity to the mainland due to the need to expand production capacity and occupy the market

in addition, from the prospectuses and annual reports of newly listed manufacturing enterprises in Shenzhen in 2015 and 2016, it is found that 85% of the funds raised by Shenzhen manufacturing enterprises are invested outside Shenzhen, after deducting the issuance costs, to build new production bases, research and development centers, inspection and testing laboratories, etc

the danger of hollow industry is imminent

in 2016, the added value of Shenzhen's secondary industry was 77043 billion yuan, accounting for 39.50% of GDP, with a year-on-year increase of 7.0%; The added value of the tertiary industry was 1178.588 billion yuan, accounting for 60.46% of GDP, with a year-on-year increase of 10.4%. The proportion of the tertiary industry in GDP has exceeded 60%

some people believe that the proportion of secondary and tertiary industries is close to the critical point at present, and the manufacturing industry cannot retreat any more. Wusikang, director of the development research center of Shenzhen municipal government, believes that blindly pursuing the proportion of the tertiary industry will affect the competitiveness of the city and cause the hollowing out of the industry; Shenzhen is positioned as an innovative city, and innovation must be supported by the manufacturing industry, otherwise innovation will easily become a tree without roots

the above report takes Hong Kong and Singapore as examples. In 1999, the GDP of Hong Kong was about twice that of Singapore; However, by 2010, the main body of the organic foam sheet thin plastered external wall external insulation system and polystyrene board large mold built-in external wall external insulation system materials is itself flammable materials. When Singapore caught up with Hong Kong and achieved transcendence. There may be many reasons for this, but one important reason is that Singapore's manufacturing sector accounts for a higher proportion than Hong Kong

although the land area of Singapore is very small, only one third of that of Shenzhen, the proportion of its manufacturing industry has been maintained at a certain level. Singapore is currently the second largest semiconductor production center and the third largest oil refining center in the world. Its Flextronics company is a manufacturing giant second only to Foxconn

according to the report, at present, a large number of material production and capital centered on the manufacturing industry are rapidly transferred outside Shenzhen. This process will naturally bring negative effects on economic vitality, taxation, employment and other aspects, and will undoubtedly cause the danger of hollowing out Shenzhen's industry. Therefore, Shenzhen should learn from Singapore's experience to hold on to the manufacturing industry

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